Teaching, Learning, and Assessment


Study Program of Indonesian Language and Literature Education utilize the student-centred learning method in accordance with National Standard of Higher Education (SN-Dikti), the Guidebook for Higher Education Curriculum, the Indonesian National Qualification Framework (KKNI), Outcome Based Education (OBE), MBKM (Freedom to Learn – Independent Campus) and Common European Framework (CEFR) to encourage students to participate actively, critically, and creatively.


No Learning Method Description
1. Lectures This learning method requires teaching and learning process inside a classroom.
2. Responses and Tutorials This learning method provides assistance or guidance related to the materials given by lecturers to students with the aim of supporting their learning process both individually and in groups.
3. Research Research involves the participation of both lecturers and students. This form of activity aims to expand knowledge in the field of scientific work and is expected to be conducted properly.
4. Group Discussion Group discussion involves more than one student to hold a discussion to solve a problem under the guidance of the lecturer. It is expected that by assembling group discussions students are able to think critically through the exchange of opinions and work cooperatively in teams which will surely be beneficial as a job skill.
5. Simulation Simulation is a joint method where specific situations are demonstrated as projections of a certain material, and this method is necessary as the depiction of the projected situations can be of examples for students in applying the material in the real world.
6. Cooperative Learning This method uses preceding learning experiences to design and implement the next learning processes, with the aim of identifying and comprehending the characteristics of each student so that the material can be formulated following the target.
7. Project-based Learning This learning method is an assignment/task-based method. Students are expected to participate actively in working on or completing the assigned tasks within the allotted time
8. Problem-based Learning This particular teaching method uses real-life problems as the context for students to gain first-hand knowledge or basic concepts from the teaching materials. This method also assists students to learn how to think and solve a problem critically.
9. Professional placement There are two types of professional placement, namely internship and thematic. Internships allow students to work in industries or agencies which are relevant to the Study Programme. As for thematic practice, students are exposed to a certain community by doing community services, humanitarian, and other similar activities. Students are expected to apply the knowledge gained during college for the benefit of the society.


The above-mentioned learning methods are employed in regular lectures, and are formulated for a set of national content courses coordinated by the Personality Development Course Centre (PMPK). Professional placements are coordinated by the KKN Unit and P4 Unit, while Research are coordinated by the assigned lecturer of Research Methods along with the respective Heads of Study Programmes. Currently, FCS is also implementing the Freedom to Learn–Independent Campus (MKMB) programme. Students are able to take part in learning outside the Study Programme in accordance with the ILOs of the Study Programme.

Students in their 6th and 7th semester are given opportunities to practice teaching in middle, high, and vocational schools. There are two ways for students to practice teaching in schools, by taking P4 courses or following the Teaching Campus Programme launched by the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbudristek). In addition, foreign students who wants to take the BIPA programme are given access to the Immersion Method. In practice, students are invited to participate in social activities at orphanages while practicing Indonesian language skills and learning Indonesian culture. Moreover, students are challenged with the Community Life Assimilation Programme, where students temporarily stay with a specific community with a certain livelihood. Orientation is provided to give students an overview of the communities prepared by the faculty, then students get to choose which community they want to live with. Students are required to participate in the daily activities of the community.


In the OBE curriculum utilized in FCS, the formula for measuring ILOs is generated depending from the competencies achieved by the students through the contributing CLOs. The formula is generated through the measurement of each semester’s CLOs. CLOs are target competencies for students to achieve after completing a specific course.

The mechanism begins with preparing the Semester Learning Plan (RPS) (which includes a measurement plan for CLOs/ILOs (see Module Course and Assessment). The next step involves assessing the CLOs during the learning process, which is then followed by working on an assessment tool for measuring CLOs. The assessment tool used is the tool/method used by lecturers in measuring CLOs (based on quizzes, UTS, UAS, academic writing assignments, case study projects, and design assignments) and ILOs (based on the contribution from CLOs). After obtaining the overall results of the assessment, lecturers input the scores of the CLOs measurement into the software. The software used is specific to measure the achievement of ILOs based on the level of contribution from the CLOs and the value of the assessment so that by the end of the day, the overall ILOs score which projects students’ achievements can be recognized.

Should the achievement be incomplete, remedials are then carried out immediately. The next mechanism is compiling a portfolio of each course. This portfolio is a collection of all materials used in the course learning process to achieve the required CLOs. The contents of the course portfolio include (1) course outline and content including CLOs, reading materials as references to support learning, and meeting schedules, (2) teaching methods, (3) assessment strategies and rubrics, (4) exemplary assignments from the students, (5) Team Teaching reflections towards CLOs, and (6) recommendations for the progress of the students in the course and plans for the future. The subsequent mechanism is to evaluate the achievements of the ILOs from each CLO, as well as evaluate the portfolio which has been premeditatedly prepared for suggestions and feedback for improving the teaching and learning (PBM) process.

The legal bases for measuring ILOs/CLOs are:

  1. Act of the Republic of Indonesia 12 of 2012 on Higher Education.
  2. Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia 19 of 2005 on National Education Standards.
  3. Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia (PERMENDIKBUD RI) No. 5 of 2014 on Quality Assurance Systems in Higher Education
  4. Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia (PERMENDIKBUD RI) No. 3 of 2020 on National Standards in Higher Education.

Regarding exams, the regulations are regularly inspected by the GJM team of FCS through an Internal Quality Audit which is carried out every year. Meanwhile, detailed regulations and criteria for each lecture are regulated in the RPS.  The rules governing the evaluation of knowledge, skills, and competence are stipulated by Faculty of Cultural Studies as written in reachable Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) of Students’ Participation in Mid-test and Final Exam (see exam).

The technical issues on examination includes collection of exam questions, validation of exam questions, as well as the coordinated schedules which are then carried out by the Academic Staff. The schedule and mechanism are announced by the Staff via the FCS and SIAM websites which can be accessed directly by students, while lecturers accessed their portion of schedules via SIADO. Re-examinations are executed for students who are unable to take the exam due to certain problems which are premeditatedly received by the examiners in-charge along with Letters of Statement from doctors or related officials. They can take re-examinations by filling out the follow-up exam form on the FCS website.

The overall evaluation of students’ learning outcome refers to the rules in the Academic Guidebook of FCS.  The percentages of the evaluation process and outcome are indicated in the following percentage:

FS = 0,15 (Q) + 0,20 ST + 0,10 P + 0,25 Mid-semester Examination (UTS) + 0,30 End-semester Examination (UAS).

Notes: FS = Final Score, Q: Quizzes, ST: Structured Tasks, P: Practicum.

Students are aware of this assessment mechanism from the FCS Academic Manual. As for the details of the assessment sub-aspects in each aspect, they are described in the RPS of the chosen courses.

The assessment of the process and results of the thesis, in accordance with the Thesis Manual, are indicated in the following percentages:

FS = 0,25 (Proposal Seminar) + 0,25 (Result Seminar) + 0,50 (Thesis Examination)

The criteria for assessing thesis writing are provided on the Online Thesis Information System or SISO (https://fib.ub.ac.id/skripsi/). Students can immediately look at the results of the examinations on Student Academic Information’s System (SIAM). For the examinations, the assessment is indicated in the following percentages:

FS = 0,05(format) + 0,40 (content) + 0,20 (presentation) + 0,35 (question and answer)

The lecturers input the percentages on the SISO and students can receive it immediately on the SIAM.

The overall evaluation of process and results of KKN refers to the criteria on the Online Professional Placement Information System (SIKO). The formula for assessing students’ KKN reports provided by FCS in the Manual of KKN is indicated in the following percentages:

FS = 0,40 (scores from the institution) + 0,25 (guiding process) + 0,35 (examination)

For the evaluation of the process and results of the Teaching Internship (P4), the rules of the assessment refer to the Manual of P4 provided by FCS with the following formula:

FS = 0,30 (University’s P4) + 0,35 (School’s P4) + 0,35 (Research Article)

The assessment process of the MBKM programme is under the supervision of Students Advisor and Head of Department. Students, Advisors and Head of Department plan the conversion of the MBKM programme to study programmes course by considering the achievement of course learning outcomes. The students should complete a log book reporting their activities. At the end of the programme, students should report their completed activity that is complemented by learning outcomes achievement and the assessment results from the institution to the study programme (see MBKM Guidance).

Students’ score in each semester are measured using the Achievement Index. The GPA (IP) is calculated using the following formula:




K: course credit

N: course score

K: The sum of credits programmed for the semester

∑ (K x N): The sum of K and N for every course


The scores of the final assessment of the courses are stated with Quality Letters and Scores as shown in the following table:

Quality Letters and Scores Table

Quality Letters Quality Numbers Class Scale
A 4 Outstanding 81-100
B+ 3,5 Excellent 76-80
B 3 Superior 70-75
C+ 2,5 Good 61-69
C 2 Satisfactory 56-60
D+ 1,5 Adequate 51-55
D 1 Low Pass 45-50
E 0 Low Failure 0-44

Scoring each activity can be represented with the Quality Letters (E-A) which will then be converted to Quality Numbers (0-4). The final calculation is done by giving weigh to each lecture activity in the semester with the following details: Quizzes (Q); Structured Tasks (ST); Practicum (P); Mid-term examination (ME); Final Examination (FE). Adjustments to the details of the assessment can be arranged according to the characteristics of the course. In this case, each element is rated on a scale of 0-100.

The lecturers fill out these percentages on the P4 online system, in which the admin input them later on the Academic Information System or Sistem Administrasi Akademik (henceforth SIAKAD). Students can immediately look at the results of the examinations on SIAM. The lecturers fill out these percentages on the P4 online system, in which the admin input them later on SIAKAD. Students can immediately look at the results of the examinations on their own SIAM account.

Should students experience any obstacles in completing the final examination, they are permitted to take follow-up examinations. They can file a letter of application to the respective lecturer of the course through the following link https://fib.ub.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/FORM-UJIAN-SUSULAN1.docx by attaching evidences of reason for not participating in the examination. The letter must be received by the lecturer no later than 5 (five) days after the examination of the course in question. Acceptable reasons for taking the follow-up examination are as follows:

  • Sick (proven by a doctor’s letter),
  • Parents or siblings have passed away,
  • In any official duties assigned by the state, the university, or the faculty with an official certificate from an authorized appointee,
  • Performing worship of one’s religion.

The follow-up examination will be administered by the lecturer of the course during the examination week.

Should students desire to appeal for the results, the students may contact the lecturer in-charge of the subject no later than 1 week after the exam week with a predetermined mechanism (Grade Appeal Procedure). Furthermore, if the change is accepted, the students need to report it to the Academic Staff with the approval of the Head of Study Programme and the Deputy Dean for Academic Affairs.

In any cases where a student’s score does not meet the requirement to pass a specific course or the student itself is dissatisfied with the final score, they can repeat the course in the following year or through the Short Semester in which the technical implementation is announced on the official FCS website (https://fib.ub.ac.id/pelaksanaan-semester-antara-ta/?lang=id). Students are allowed to repeat a course as long as the highest grade they got is C+. These rules are accessible for all students of FCS in the Academic Guidebook.

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